Human Systems Research
Human Systems Research
Human Systems Research
Human Systems Research
Human Systems Research
Human Systems Research
Human Systems Research

Ozanne's Mountain Statin, Circa 1980.
Victorian Porch Trim is visible, single tree hacks are parked. a wagon- side reads: US Mail-Ozanne Stage Line-Carthange White oaks Ft. Stanton Lincoln.
Garry Owen Collection

Human Systems Research is experienced in evaluating the potential eligibility of cultural resources for nomination to the National Register of Historic Places. White Sands Missile Range controls large portions of the Tularosa Basin and contains some of the best preserved archaeological sites in the United States. One result of its close working relationship to WSMR is HSR's opportunities to research and prepare nominations for the Range. Nominations include but are not limited to:

  • The Trinity National Historic Landmark
  • The Army Blockhouse and Gantry Crane National Historic Landmark
  • The 500-K Static Test Facility
  • The Salinas de San Andres Salt Trail
  • The Pat Garrett ranch
  • The Fountain Disappearance Site/Chalk Hill
  • Estey City Mining District
  • Carthage/San Antonio/White Oaks Stage Stns. Rural Landscapes
  • The Historic Ranches of Lava Gap

The addition of Hembrillo Battlefield, an Apache battlefield of the Victorio War, to the National Register required a ten-year effort. Time was first spent in the Hembrillo Basin in 1992 because of the Victorio Peak gold hunt conducted by the Ova Noss Family Partnership (ONFP). A full-time archaeological monitor was assigned to the project in order to prevent inadvertent damage to archaeological and historical sites. As ONFP metal detected for lost gold, the archaeologist flagged battle-related artifacts. Work continued as DoD funds became available and with the assistance of HSR recruited volunteers from local archaeological societies. The result was a metal-detector reconnaissance survey of over 900 acres in the San Andres Mountains to help document a major engagement of the Victorio War (April 6-7, 1880). More than 1,100 artifacts were recovered with each being mapped to sub-meter accuracy using both GPS and Total Station. A forensic analysis of 800 cartridge casings by Dr. Douglas Scott from the National Park Service determined which cartridges were fired from the same weapon. The database was entered into ArcView GIS allowing for a dynamic, computerized reconstruction of the battle when combined with archival data from a variety of sources. The final tasking required archaeological services to complete the Hembrillo Battlefield National Register nomination, prepare a popular report on the Hembrillo Battlefield and prepare and install interpretive signs in the central battle area. The Hembrillo Battlefield has become one of the premiere historical sites on the range, ranking with Trinity Site

• Class I Assessments/Literature Reviews   • Class II Reconnaissance and Sample Surveys   • Class III Intensive Surveys
• Evaluation and National Register Nomination   • Archaeological Testing   • Monitoring   • Data Recovery
• Office and Field Support   • Special Synthetic Projects   • Cultural Resource Documentation, Repair or Preservation   • Oral History

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