Human Systems Research
Human Systems Research
Human Systems Research
Human Systems Research
Human Systems Research
Human Systems Research
Human Systems Research

HSR volunteers excavating the agave roasting pit, Site LA 72860 on White Sands Missile Range, NM

The senior staff members are both scientists and managers whose business is assisting agencies with up-to-date compliance under Cultural Resource Management laws and government directives. Throughout its 35-year corporate history, HSR has actively engaged in archaeological research to assist agencies in policy decisions, management of resources, and planning. In its early years HSR assisted in the development of cultural resource survey and management guidelines which would ensure adequate communication of research results to both federal and stage agencies and among professional organizations. HSR's 1978 compliance review and recommendations for the Bureau of Indian Affairs resulted in that agency's first cultural resource survey guidelines, subsequently adopted by the State of New Mexico HSR's, Technical Manual: 1973 Survey of the Tularosa Basin, the Research Design, provided a detailed overview of available information and proposed a long-term research design to examine the principles of culture change in the arid environment of the Tularosa Basin. Later in 1985 the primary author of the White Sands Missile Range Historic Preservation Plan was an HSR archaeologist.

Using its Technical Manual as the foundation for further research, HSR conducted an archaeological survey of the Three Rivers drainage in 1977 to test a general research proposition for predicting how cultures change. Then a 1980 reconnaissance survey along the western boundary of White Sands National Monument provided the WSNM and National Park Service with management information on the location, extent and significance of cultural properties within a sample of the portion of the Cooperative Use Zone of the National Monument with the highest potential for adverse effect; made recommendations as appropriate to the National Register of Historic Places; and, provided a basis for future scientific research and popular interpretation programs which might be appropriate for the National Monument.

In 1992 HSR published Archaeological Overview of Southwestern New Mexico, a revision of the State Plan for the Mimbres half of southwestern New Mexico funded by a grant from the New Mexico Historic Preservation Division (HPD). The original plan was presented in Chapter 5 "Southwestern New Mexico" of David E. Stuart and Rory P. Gauthier's Prehistoric New Mexico: Background for Survey (1981). Later in 2000, in a similar effort funded by HPD grants, HSR published Basin and Range Archaeology: An Overview of Prehistory in South-central New Mexico. The literature review of the Jornada Mogollon area of south-central New Mexico synthesized known prehistoric sites in the region, defined current research issues, identified areas of constructive disagreement or data gaps, and suggested areas for archaeological fieldwork for resolving cultural-historical and other research problems.

In 1995 HSR constructed an electronic database, Tularosa Basin Ecosystem Database: The Historic and Prehistoric Past, in a pilot project that was a cooperative effort between U.S. Army White Sands Missile Range and the USDI Bureau of Land Management. The product was especially designed for land managers and agency environmental specialists who have responsibilities in and adjacent to the Tularosa Basin, south-central New Mexico. It contains environmental, archaeological, and historic data collected within the Basin and its vicinity. This information provides time depth regarding environmental content and change through time. Applications include long-term planning, preparing EA/EIS documents, evaluating species (re)introduction, and planning for conducting environmental restoration, among other applications. The database contains report abstracts, archaeological glossaries and descriptions of archaeological concepts and methods, handbooks such as floral and faunal species lists, a series of maps providing a geographic perspective on environmental information, historical and archaeological photographs, complete reports or portions of reports on archaeology, history, paleoenvironment, and other relevant subjects, and all the references used in the database.

In 2001 HSR delivered the Archaeology and History section for a draft WSMR Integrated Cultural Resources Management Plan (ICRMP) which is the primary tool used to implement WSMR's cultural resources management program. It presents the plan for management of cultural resources including historic buildings, objects, archaeological sites, and sites of sacred or cultural interest to Native Americans. The section produced by HSR gives detailed information on the past history and prehistory of the Missile Range and presents the research problems that need to be addressed. It is a web-based document to provide a mechanism for disseminating information about the archaeology and the history of WSMR to interested parties.

• Class I Assessments/Literature Reviews
• Class II Reconnaissance and Sample Surveys
• Class III Intensive Surveys
• Evaluation and National Register Nomination
• Archaeological Testing
• Monitoring
• Data Recovery
• Office and Field Support
• Special Synthetic Projects
• Cultural Resource Documentation, Repair or Preservation
• Oral History

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